Human - Elephant Conflict in India

Assam Haathi Project (2008). Living with Elephants in Assam.
Ecosystems India & North of England Zoological Society

As human populations continue to increase and encroach upon wilderness areas, inevitable  tensions arise with wildlife. Covering this page are cartoons I did for a handbook designed to  be a resource for villagers in Assam, India, where conflict resolution with wild elephants is an  ongoing conservation issue.

Conservationists and local people strive to find creative preventive solutions to mitigate wildlife conflict. Here are examples of devices, schemes and systems all designed to scare away elephants, rather than harm them.

Trip wires linked to a simple alarm system are an effective and inexpensive early-warning system to help prevent damage by marauding elephants.

Chili, often used as live fences, is an effective repellent to elephants.
Bees keep elephants at bay and provide an alternative source of income to villagers.
Light and noise scare elephants away.

A slightly more drastic - and expensive - method is to set up non-lethal electric fences. 

Yet another preventive method to reduce conflict is to dig trenches or create barriers of crops unpalatable  to elephants, such as citrus.  
Deforestation is the greatest threat to Asian Elephants and a major cause of further conflict
As they are forced to wander from their destroyed habitats, elephants often get hurt.
Ultimately, villagers in particularly affected areas resort to elephant watch towers as early warning systems.